A HISTROTY OF FAISALABAD CITY
- Location: The district lies from 30-35 to 31-47’ C North latitude and 72-01 to 73 – 40o C east longitudes. It is bounded in the North by Gujranwala and Shiekupura Districts, in the East by Sheikhpura and Sahiwal districts, in the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts and in the West by Jhang district.
- Area and Population: Faisalabad district has an area of 5,856 sq km and a population of 65,00,000 souls. This district consists of eight towns.
- Climate: The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches up to 50o C or 122o F. in winter, it may fall below the freezing point. The maximum and minimum temperature in winter 21o C and 6o C respectively.
- Background: Faisalabad District came into existence in 1904 as Lyallpur District The name Lyallpur was given with a view to pay tribute TO Sir James Lyall Lt. Governor of Punjab, for his services rendered in colonization. In 70’s the current name of Faisalabad was given after the name of The Late King “Faisal” of KSA.
- Industrial Growth: in the beginning Lyallpur now Faisalabad was developed as a hub of agricultural activities. It gained popularity through out Punjab. Such as wheat grinding and cotton ginning units. These units kept enhancing their capabilities and at the time of independence 1947, there were four flour mills, textile mills, twelve ginning and six engineering units.
After independence with the capabilities of our entrepreneurs and government support, a city which was basically an Agro-based industrial city with original base of power looms and textile processing, have grown up to the capacity of largest chemical plant in Pakistan and largest man made fiber producing mills which are located in Faisalabad.
Approximately 70% of textile export originates from Faisalabad. Indeed, it is the 2nd largest revenue producing to the national exchequer. Keeping in view, the trend of growing global market and it s competition, value addition city and industrial city is in the advance stage of its completion. Once, established, both cities will play important role in the development of vender industries in Faisalabad and will further diversify its industrial base. After observing the current growth pattern of industrialization, it is safely predicted, that establishing of industry by the investors/ entrepreneurs, in Faisalabad, is a highly plausible, profitable and environmentally convenient.
- Communication: there is M-3 the most modern and developed motor way linking to Lahore in the east and Islamabad in the north. With the completion of recently announced Faisalabad-Karachi Motor way and extending the best leg of M3 to Sialkot, Faisalabad will emerge as the best technical rectangle of Pakistan ( Faisalabad-Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat), Faisalabad can become the most vibrant central industrial hub, “a Trading Gatway: for southern & Northern areas of the country, and safest alternate highway to Karachi in the south and Peshawar in the north.
- Education: Faisalabad city has the distinction of having a world famous agricultural/Engineering University and equally renowned Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Nuclear Institute for (NIAB) and National institute for biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE). BESIDES THE Punjab Medical College there are several other Universities and colleges like G.C. University, The University of Faisalabad, National poly Technical collage Supervisor Science College, NFC Institute of fertilizer & research and many other universities and colleges.
- Health: there are more than 40 hospitals run by various government department for providing primary to specialized health care facilities to its citizens. These hospitals provide about 3300 beds facility for its patients. In addition, there are approximately 43 hospitals run by private welfare institutions with specialized health care and having approximately 1500 beds facility.
- Arts & Culture: Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan son of Fateh Ali Khan rose to enviable glory both as a qawal and Ghazal singer. He was an international figure and household name. He performed in several countries of the world, millions of his admirers love his art through out the world. Later the auditorium which ismanaged by the Punjab Arts Council was named in his honor as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium which has the capacity of 5500 Audience.
- Places of Interst/Tourism: Agriculture University, Tomb of Hazrat Noor Shah wali, Tomb of Rai Ahmad Khan Kharral shaheed of Jhumra city, Birth place of Saradar Bhagat singh Shaheed, Kaisari Gate Faisalabad, Gumti outside Rail Bazar, Clock Tower, Iqbal Stadium, Allama Iqbal Library, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium, Forest Park Gatwala and Chenab Club.